Mapping Mechanisms of Globalized Protest Movements_
Today's world is therefore characterized by heterogeneity and fragmentation-multiple modernities or post modernity-in which the self seeks several different moral causes. Postmodern values are evident in decreased trust of and skepticism toward authority; increased protest and other forms of active participation; decreased conventional participation; decreasing religiosity, increasing support of progressive ideals; and increased grouping of such issues as peace, human rights, the environment, women's rights, and gay rights.
Several Mobilizational Mechanism factors that relate a change are: opposition to authority, cosmopolitanism, heterogeneous identities, and relativism.
The several changes are likely to lead an activist to become more engaged in progressive collective action. More activists are expected at locations where postmodern values are most commonly held. Coalitions are likely to involve groups working on disparate ideals, and the recognition of common ties across these ideals is likely to be a key factor in binding the coalitions together.
The opposition to authority factor implies that activists are more likely to participate via protest
when they are opposed to.
The cosmopolitan factor implies that activists are more likely to mobilize around a set of ideals they claim as universal and universally valid
The heterogeneous identity factor implies that activists are more likely to develop several ideals and become active in several movements because identities are more fragmented and unstable.
The relativism factor implies that activists' actions and attitudes are not a constant. Activists' are likely to adapt as their context becomes more opposed to traditional authority, as multiple ideals become linked, and identity becomes increasingly fluid.
based on Mechanism of Globalized Protest Movements
Mark I. Lichbach & Helma G.E. De Vries